PhD Defence Sabrine El Baroudi


Organisational Behaviour

Dissertation title
Shading fresh light on proactivity research: Examining when and how proactive behaviors benefit individuals and their employing organizations

Date & location
January 21, 2016 at 15:45 in the Aula of the Main Building of the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Shading fresh light on proactivity research: Examining when and how proactive behaviors benefit individuals and their employing organizations 

Baroudi, Sabrine ElGiven the increasing importance of proactivity in today’s workplace, understanding who engages in proactive behavior and how this behavior could be enhanced can help businesses gain a competitive advantage. In addition to this, organizations cope with fewer resources for their employees and therefore it is important that employees know how to manage and satisfy their own career needs by being proactive. Because proactivity serves career and work purposes, it has been divided in the extant literature into two categories: proactive work behaviors and proactive career behaviors. The first category, proactive work behaviors, are supposed to influence work related outcomes and are therefore primarily linked to organizational outcomes in proactivity research. Proactive career behaviors, however, are mainly linked to individual outcomes, as these behaviors are assumed to influence or benefit the individual. This dissertation has given proactivity research a new fresh shade and provides evidence that both types of proactive behaviors influence individual and organizational outcomes. Through four empirical studies, it shows that individual proactivity can be understood and identified by selecting individuals based on their age and personality trait ambition. It furthermore demonstrates that for individuals to engage in proactive work and career behaviors, they should be working in an environment that stimulates and supports these behaviors. To help enhance and facilitate this important contemporary work behavior, novel and practical approaches are also offered in this dissertation.

About the author

Sabrine El Baroudi was born in The Hague (The Netherlands) on 12 December 1986. In 2005 she received her VWO diploma from the Aloysius College in The Hague and started her business studies at the VU University of Amsterdam. In 2010, she obtained her Master of Science degree in Business Administration (cum laude). In September 2012 she started her PhD-research at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration (FEWEB) at the VU University Amsterdam.    During her PhD she worked as a visiting researcher at the University of Toronto in Canada on several cross-cultural research projects (2012-2014). She also worked as a teaching instructor and taught several management courses to Bachelor and Master students at the VU University in Amsterdam. Her research has been presented in international research conferences, for example in Berlin, Ashridge, London and Amsterdam. Her main research interests are employee satisfaction, employee motivation, proactive work and career behaviors, aggressive work behavior, learning and development, talent management and diversity management. Sabrine works as an Assistant Professor in HR and Management at the American University in Dubai since August 2015. Prior to her PhD, she worked for 3 years as a consultant in the areas of HRM, social support programs, marketing & internet strategy.